One package of 25 seeds
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus. American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, ironwood, and musclewood. It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.
It also grows in Canada southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario, Mexico central and southern, Guatemala, and western Honduras. It is a small tree reaching heights of 10–15 m, rarely 20 m, and often has a fluted and crooked trunk. The bark is smooth and greenish-grey, becoming shallowly fissured in old trees.
The leaves are alternate, 3–12 cm long, with prominent veins giving a distinctive corrugated texture, and a serrated margin. The male and female catkins appear in spring at the same time as the leaves. The fruit is a small 7–8 mm long nut, partially surrounded by a three- to seven-pointed leafy involucre 2–3 cm long; it matures in autumn.
It is a shade-loving tree, which prefers moderate soil fertility and moisture. It has a shallow, wide-spreading root system. The wood is heavy and hard, and is used for tool handles, longbows, walking sticks, walking canes and golf clubs. The leaves are eaten by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera, for example the Io moth
Growing Info: Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours. Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days. Germination: sow seed 1/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed. Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification.